Tests

Offered at GastroLife

SMALL INTESTINAL BACTERIAL OVERGROWTH?

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) occurs when there is too much bacteria in the small intestine. The bacteria essentially ‘eat’ your food as it enters the small intestine from the stomach. When this happens gases such as hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide are produced as well as short-chain fatty acids.

HELICOBACTER PYLORI UREA BREATH TEST

Helicobacter Pylori is a very common infection (present in up to 50% of the population) that is thought to be a factor in the development of stomach and duodenal ulcers (peptic ulcers). It is a bacterium that causes chronic gastritis (inflammation) of the stomach lining. Symptoms of peptic ulcers include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain/discomfort. Some ulcers may bleed which can cause fatigue.

HELICOBACTER PYLORI STOOL ANITGEN TEST

Helicobacter Pylori is a common infection that can cause inflammation of the stomach and is thought to be involved in the development of peptic ulcers. It is found in half of the world’s population.

LACTOSE MALABSORPTION TEST

Lactose Malabsorption occurs when there is an inability to fully digest the ‘milk sugar’. Symptoms can begin soon after eating or drinking lactose containing food or drinks.

FRUCTOSE-SORBITOL MALABSORPTION TEST

Fructose and Sorbitol are quite often found together in fruit or added to processed foods. Some people have trouble absorbing these sugars properly when they are consumed at the same time. This can lead to symptoms such as bloating, cramps, diarrhoea/constipation, gas, nausea, or wind.

FRUCTOSE MALABSORPTION TEST

Fructose can be present naturally in foods such as fruit and some vegetables, or found in many processed foods and drinks. Foods that contain fructose include oranges, apples, mangos, pears, prunes, melons, raisins, honey and fruit juices. Fructose malabsorption occurs when the small intestine fails to fully absorb this sugar. As a result, fructose is transported to the colon where it is broken down by bacteria in the colon. Hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide gases are produced as a result of this malabsorption.

SORBITOL MALABSORPTION TEST

Sorbitol is often used as a sweetener in “diet” or “sugar free” foods and drinks. It can also occur naturally in foods such as pears, prunes, peaches, cherries, and plums. In large quantities, Sorbitol may cause osmotic diarrhoea, however in patients that suffer from IBS, lower amounts of Sorbitol can cause abdominal and GI symptoms.

SUCROSE MALABSORPTION TEST

Sucrose is normally broken down in the small intestine by the sucrase enzyme. When Sucrose Malabsorption occurs, the sucrose is not properly broken down or absorbed in the small intestine. It travels to the colon where it is metabolised by colonic bacteria. Sucrose is also known as table or cane sugar.

LEAKY GUT TEST

The Leaky gut test involves collection of a urine sample following the ingestion of a testing solution. The solution contains molecules of different sizes and the rate that these molecules pass through the intestine is measured to give an analysis of intestinal permeability and tight junction activity.