What is the Fecal Immunochemical Test?
Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) is a process of screening for bowel (colorectal) cancer. It checks for hidden blood in one’s stool from the lower intestines. The concept of the FIT test is that blood vessels in large colon polyps or cancers are usually delicate enough to be injured easily by passing stool, resulting in small quantities of blood released from those vessels which can only be detected through FIT testing. This is because the released blood is in such a minute amount to be viewed by the naked eye.
How Does The Process Work?
Small quantity of stool is collected using the sample stick provided, and sent to the laboratory for analysis. If anything unusual is found during the analysis, one is recommended to carry out further testing. The presence of blood can be an indicator of polyps, inflammatory bowel conditions, hemorrhoids, or bowel cancer. Polyps however are usually not dangerous, but there is little possibility of them developing into cancer later on.
Interpreting The Test Results
Results are usually available approximately 10 working days after your sample is received by the laboratory. Two types of results are obtained. Either a normal or abnormal result.
A normal result indicates the test did not identify any traces of blood in the stool sample.
It is recommended to undertake another screening test in two years if you still will be under 75 years.
The Significance of FIT
Undertaking bowel cancer screening regularly minimizes the risk of succumbing from colon cancer. Also, colon cancer is among the most common cancers affecting a significant population. Therefore, the Fecal Immunochemical test assists in detecting colon cancer at an early stage when it is easily treatable.
Please note: Medications such as aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs may cause stomach irritation and affect the test. If possible, and only after consultation with your Doctor, these medications should not be taken for three days before and during the time of sample collection.
A high fibre diet is recommended for three days before sample collection starts.
A fully accredited laboratory analyzes the samples: accreditation ISO 15189, the International Standard for Medical Laboratories.
Testing Age: Adults & Children
Referral: No referral required
Results: Approx 10 working days
Testing Kit Fee: €59
Bowel Cancer Screening (FIT) Test Kit
Terms & Conditions
Before purchasing your kit, please read the Terms & Conditions which can be downloaded using the button below.